In 2019, New York generated more electricity from renewable sources than all but three other states. The 39.4 million MWh of renewable electricity generated in New York was the largest of any state east of the Mississippi.
New York has been a leader in renewable power long before it became a topic of great interest because of its hydroelectric power. In 2019, 78% of the state’s renewable electricity came from hydropower. The Robert Moses Niagara hydroelectric plant is the second-largest capacity conventional hydroelectric power plant in the country.
The three states that generated more renewable electricity than New York are California, Texas, and Washington. Washington gets 69% of all its electricity generation from its multiple hydroelectric plants which together produce a quarter of all hydroelectric power in the nation. Texas leads the nation in wind-powered generation and gets over 17% of its in-state generation from wind. California gets 14% of its power from solar generation, 7% from wind, and over 16% from its own hydroelectric resources.
Wind is the second-largest source of renewable power in New York, accounting for 11% of renewable generation in the state and 3% of total electricity generation. Solar power is expanding in New York, but the great majority of it is still in the form of small-scale installations on residential and commercial rooftops.
New York’s renewable generation grew from 19% in 2005 to 30% at present. New York’s Clean Energy Standard adopted in 2015 requires the state to generate 100% carbon-free electricity by 2040.
Photo, posted October 15, 2010, courtesy of michael-swan via Flickr.